When you hear people talking about Artifical Intelligence, you most likely hear conversations buzzing around self-driving cars or facial recognition technology. It’s not so common to think of the ways AI is contributing to the world of healthcare, but we can assure you - it most definitely is. AI may be in its early stages but making progress on a daily basis. Check out three ways AI is breaking into the healthcare space:
1. Accelerating Medical Diagnostics
According to the Institute of Medicine, diagnostic errors are a contributing factor in about 10% of patient deaths. Medical record reviews suggest that diagnostic errors also account for up to 17% of complications in the hospital. After all, we’re only human. Andrew Beck, the director of Bioinformatics at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center Cancer Research Institute shined a spotlight on human error that occurs when examining millions of cells to identify a handful of malignant cells.
His team at Beth Israel decided to build an automated diagnostic tool that uses a deep learning algorithm. This algorithm is trained to differentiate these cells and in 2016 the tool achieved a diagnostic success rate of 92%. When Beck’s team used both pathologists and the tool, they landed on a 99.5% success rate. How’s that for remarkable success?
2. AI-assisted surgery:
Today, robots have an estimated value of $40 billion in the healthcare industry. Robots can perform a variety of tasks from guiding a surgeon’s instrument during surgery to analyzing data from pre-op medical records. Robots use records from previous operations to determine new surgical techniques to help reduce recovery times. A study involving 379 orthopedic patients found that AI-assisted robotic procedures resulted in 5x fewer complicates compared to surgeries relying solely on healthcare professionals.
Da Vinci, the most advanced surgical robot was used for eye surgery for the first time to help with complicated procedures to have greater control. Guess what? It doesn’t stop there. The Heartlander, a mini robot, is used by heart surgeons to enter small incisions on the chest to perform tasks such as mapping and therapy over the surface of your heart.
3. Healthcare System Analysis:
Vektis Intelligence, a Netherlands based company, is using AI to filter through data within the healthcare sector. Their AI assists local healthcare systems to avoid unnecessary patient hospitalizations, find flaws in workflow inefficiencies and mistakes in treatments.
This has lowered costs, saved time, provided new solutions and increased accuracy. This company is just one of several who are breaking into system analysis space using AI.
As AI continues to make an impact in a variety of industries, it’s only a matter of time before we see further advancements within healthcare. Let’s see what 2019 has to offer!